TherThere are 13 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 1 Orchid Sanctuary and 2 National Parks in the state of Arunachal Pradesh covering an area of 9,488.48 sq km.
There is no such threat to these protected areas by the dispersed population of the state that is 13 per sq km. Most of the Protected areas are away
from any villages and the people of the state are in a habit of living in such areas without interfering the conservation projects. Almost all the Protected Areas are in ragged terrain and inaccessible, which has added more protection to all these Protected areas.
The protected areas like Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary, Namdapha National Park, Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary and Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary have fringe human population where activities have been initiated by involving the local communities in conservation of wildlife and its habitat. To have a species-specific conservation program the state has taken up activities under Project Tiger and Project Elephant with the central assistance from Government of India. There are two tiger project areas namely Namdapha Tiger Reserve and Pakke Tiger Reserve. Tiger being at the apex of the biological pyramid, the management of Tiger provides scope to the conservation and management of Tiger ecology in a holistic manner. The state has also submitted proposals to Government of India to include all the Elephant habitat areas into four Elephant Reserves that are under active consideration of the GOI. One of the Elephant Reserves has been notified as Kameng Elephant Reserve, covering the district of Papum-pare, East Kameng and West Kameng. Management of Elephant reserves is the landscape management, which covers more territorial jurisdiction of Elephant habitat and corridors and provides scope to address more areas irrespective of legal status of the land to bring under the conservation program.